What needs to be considered when writing an abstract

What is an abstract?

At more and more universities will write the abstract, required by the students, in their studies to incorporate it into their Bachelor’s or Master’s thesis, as well as the dissertations. An abstract is a part, an academic work, in which about half a page is to be summarized, which is treated thematically. It is an excerpt, and that’s exactly what the word abstract means, it can also be described by the term abstract, but has nothing to do with the term abstract. On the contrary, an abstract requires a lot of concrete things. Unfortunately, the existing, well-known, German terms are ignored, probably they are just too common, which is why a foreign word is preferred here. Demands are required for abstract writing, the research background, methodology and structure, data analysis, as well as the results of the research. The difference to an expose, for example, is that it must be absolutely clear what results are found in the bachelor thesis, or if this should already be written, but in any case the research results must be available.

The point is to show clearly and openly what has been worked on and what results have been achieved, without having to spend too much time writing or creating a suspense. An individual note is not needed in any case. The reader should be quickly confronted with the research and the results in order to be able to make a judgment on the relevance, the scientific work, which is actually involved.

A reader should decide by reading a vote whether the topic is interesting and wants to know more.

The structure of the abstact is taken from the main work, and looks like this:

Content, with the outline

  • Introduction, with the research questions, state of research and the hypothesis
  • Method, explaining the examinations and the evaluation
  • Present and explain results
  • Interpret results and answer research questions
  • A abstact must not be confused with a conclusion or the conclusion, because both differ in some points. When writing an abstract, you should pay attention to the following:
  • Keep short / guideline are in about 150 words
  • Should be at the beginning of the work
  • Is a separate section and not part of the main text
  • Do not score
  • Can stand alone as text. that is, it is a closed text
  • Step by step outline Abstract letter

Abstract content:

Write a short outline to the abstract, which quickly shows how the Abstact is composed correctly

Abstract Introduction:

To summarize here what is the subject of your own research. To formulate the state of research very briefly and to compile a list of the research questions that will be incorporated into the academic work. Also, the hypothesis should be set here and be clearly recognizable what the scientific work aims at. On a quote can and should be waived.


As well as in the work, it has to be explained which working methods are used to investigate the core questions, so that the procedure becomes absolutely comprehensible. So the method has to be mentioned, but also how it should be used, in this particular case. Subsequently, the evaluation of the work steps should stand and lead to the next point.


Here, the results of the investigation must be dealt with exactly, they must be described very precisely and it must be clear to see which investigation is to be assigned to which result.


Here, the results must be compared with the preceding hypothesis to see if this could be confirmed, also now the research questions must be answered with the help of the results.

An abstract thesis is usually not available at the universities, but it is good to know what exactly to do when writing the abstract, because it can be required for a thesis. Which is why it is advisable to write an abstract once, as an example or pattern, to know what to do when it matters.

Write tips for the summary

Everyone has had the opportunity to do this at school, but can also be required to do their studies and also to do a thesis. The summary structure is very simple. First, the text should always be read well, if necessary, a second or third time. Here are the most important passages, so to highlight the key messages. When writing summary, the structure and the process is very important but not really difficult.

In the introduction, the author and the subject of the text should be mentioned and, if available, the date of publication. Then it goes on, with the main part, in which the collected or marked points are to be processed one after the other by being formulated in succinct passages of meaning and briefly explained. It should only be reproduced objectively, what can be read in the source text and therefore here is, in no case room for one’s own opinion. The text is written in the present tense and own formulations should be found and not taken from the source. Finally, the last part summarizes the main message of the text, but in no more than one or two sentences.

If you have to write a bachelor thesis you should prepare yourself for assignments that are unexpected and in addition to the actual work. So there is the abstract bachelor thesis or a short version bachelor thesis or a summery or a summary master thesis. It may be important to have a summary or abstract for the proofreading editor, if a work is done in the editing department.